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Richard John Botting
California State University
San Bernardino, California

Richard Botting’s research focuses on the theory and practice of software development. He wrote his first program (solving a quadratic equation) while still a schoolboy in the 1950s. His search for better methods started when he worked as a scientific programmer at Imperial Chemical Industries in the 1960s. In turn, he has been agile, formal, modular, structured, data driven, dynamic, functional, incremental, and object oriented.

Richard earned a PhD in Computer Science (1971) and a B. Tech. in Applied Mathematics (1968) at Brunel University (UK). His PhD thesis explored the fundamental algorithms of computer graphics. Richard joined the faculty of the Computer Science Department at Brunel University in 1970. He researched structured methods and tools. In 1978, he moved to the British Civil Service College to learn Michael Jackson’s methods. He taught about the systems development method (SDM), and helped develop the structured systems analysis and design methodology (SSADM).

In 1981, Richard moved to California State University, San Bernardino. He founded its computer science department in 1982, and was its first chair. He pioneered using computers in teaching in the 1980s, and using the Web in teaching in the 1990s. He started by experimenting with rapid prototyping and evolutionary delivery to make tools for his students. He is in the fifth and eighth editions of Who’s who among America’s teachers, after being nominated for the campus’ outstanding teacher reward. Richard serves on many committees.

From 1996 to 2001, he was the network administrator for the computer science department. Currently, he gives seminars introducing new technologies. In the 2005 series, he initiated the move from UML1 to UML2. He also presents papers at national and international conferences. Recent topics have been the evolution of software, and ethical ways to teach professional ethics. He is a reviewer for many conferences, journals, and publishers.

He developed a documentation language that included discrete mathematics, logic, and proofs, and created a translator into Hypertext Markup Language (HTML). He now uses this in teaching and to maintain a searchable Web site on software development ( This covers people, notations, tools, methods, processes, languages, logics, and mathematics. The site has notes and links on every topic from "agility" to "Z," and a growing bibliography of at least 3,000 publications. It has specifications and tutorials for many languages, including ML, Java, unified modeling language (UML), and PHP: hypertext preprocessor (PHP). He records his current interests and activities in a blog on his site.

Richard lives in San Bernardino, California, and acts as system administrator for his wife’s Macintosh. His interests include music, books, birds, and classic movies.


Non-recursive trade-offs between two-dimensional automata and grammars
Průša D.  Theoretical Computer Science 610, Part A, 121-132, 2016. Type: Article

All computer scientists should be familiar with the theory of one-dimensional strings including the automata that can recognize them and the grammars that generate them. But the two-dimensional version is terra incognita to many, and wildly differ...


A logical approach to deciding semantic subtyping
Gesbert N., Genevès P., Layaïda N.  ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems 38(1): 1-31, 2015. Type: Article

Although object-oriented subtyping has been efficiently resolved by compilers for years, this paper shows how subtyping in Extensible Markup Language (XML)-centric functional languages can be done with a SAT solver. It gives a tested formal specif...


Do-it-yourself textbook publishing
Fox A., Patterson D.  Communications of the ACM 58(2): 40-43, 2015. Type: Article

Professors should read this short article, but beware of the hidden agenda! It is based on experiences with both traditional and do-it-yourself textbook publishing for profit. Previously, one author coauthored a traditional text on operating syste...


UML @ classroom: an introduction to object-oriented modeling
Seidl M., Scholz M., Huemer C., Kappel G.,  Springer Publishing Company, Incorporated, New York, NY, 2015. 206 pp. Type: Book (978-3-319127-41-5)

I taught the unified modeling language (UML) as an integrated part of a BS and a BA degree for more than ten years [1]. This short book covers part of the material I taught. The UML was designed to be the standard graphical notation for describing...


Towards personalized prostate cancer therapy using delta-reachability analysis
Liu B., Kong S., Gao S., Zuliani P., Clarke E.  HSCC 2015 (Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Hybrid Systems: Computation and Control, Seattle, WA,  Apr 14-16, 2015) 227-232, 2015. Type: Proceedings

In 2005, I was diagnosed with prostate cancer. This paper fits what I learned: one faces difficult choices because each cancer is different and there are many treatment options. This paper focuses on the hormone treatment that shuts down testoster...


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