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Industry 5.0 and its technologies: a systematic literature review upon the human place into IoT- and CPS-based industrial systems
Valette E., El-Haouzi H., Demesure G. Computers and Industrial Engineering184 2023.Type:Article
Date Reviewed: Apr 18 2024

The emergence of Industry 5.0 signifies “a paradigm shift that emphasizes the integration of advanced technologies with human-centric approaches” [1]. Valette et al. critically analyze Industry 5.0 and highlight its potential to improve sustainability in manufacturing. Exploring its implications for sustainable manufacturing practices sheds light on the crucial role of humans within the context of the Internet of Things (IoT) and cyber-physical systems (CPS)-based industrial systems.

The paper presents some key points:

(1) Industry 5.0 represents a transformative phase beyond Industry 4.0. It goes beyond automation and smart factories, emphasizing the harmonious collaboration between humans and technology. This paper provides a comprehensive understanding of this new era.
(2) Unlike its predecessors, Industry 5.0 recognizes the centrality of human workers. It explores how technology can empower and augment human capabilities rather than replace them.
(3) The paper delves into the convergence of IoT and CPS within Industry 5.0. It discusses how these interconnected systems impact human roles, safety, and productivity.
(4) Industry 5.0 aims for sustainable practices. It addresses environmental, social, and economic dimensions by considering the human factor. The paper explores how Industry 5.0 contributes to achieving the sustainable development goals (SDGs).
(5) The authors analyze barriers to Industry 5.0 adoption, such as financial constraints, resistance to change, and the need for well-designed standards. They also propose avenues for future research, including collaborative mechanisms between humans and machines.
(6) This systematic literature review fills a critical gap by examining the role of humans in Industry 5.0. It provides insights for practitioners, researchers, and policymakers seeking to navigate the evolving landscape of technology-driven manufacturing.

Ultimately, the paper offers a holistic perspective on the intersection of technology, humanity, and sustainable industrial systems. It invites both industry professionals and academics to explore the dynamic interplay between innovation and human well-being.

Reviewer:  Mihailescu Marius Iulian Review #: CR147746
1) Narkhede, G.; Pasi, B.; Rajhans, N.; Kulkarni, A. Industry 5.0 and the future of sustainable manufacturing: a systematic literature review. Business Strategy and Development 6, 4(2023), 704–723.
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