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  Browse All Reviews > Computing Methodologies (I) > Artificial Intelligence (I.2) > General (I.2.0) > Philosophical Foundations (I.2.0...)  
  1-10 of 84 Reviews about "Philosophical Foundations (I.2.0...)": Date Reviewed
  A new perspective on nonmonotonic logics
Gabbay D., Schlechta K.,  Springer International Publishing, New York, NY, 2016. 365 pp. Type: Book (978-3-319468-15-0)

Nonmonotonic reasoning derives plausible conclusions from a theory. The theory is sometimes called background knowledge. If new information becomes available showing that some conclusions are wrong, one has to retract them. A common application is...

Feb 7 2018
  Philosophical explorations of the legacy of Alan Turing: Turing 100
Floyd J., Bokulich A.,  Springer International Publishing, New York, NY, 2017. 361 pp. Type: Book (978-3-319532-78-3)

Alan Turing has become such a cultural icon (with a major Hollywood biopic ensuring that even your average moviegoer is reasonably conversant with his name) that it is hard to think of a time when this wasn’t the case. And yet less than thre...

Dec 20 2017
  The motivations of ubiquitous computing: revisiting the ideas behind and beyond the prototypes
Takayama L.  Personal and Ubiquitous Computing 21(3): 557-569, 2017. Type: Article

Research on the progress of ubiquitous computing (ubicomp), where computers are everywhere--versus only in one place, as it was with desktop computing--is presented in this paper. In this way, computers have become part of the environmen...

Sep 21 2017
  A theorem about computationalism and "absolute" truth
Charlesworth A.  Minds and Machines 26(3): 205-226, 2016. Type: Article

Is logical inconsistency (or fallibility) an inherent advantage of the human mind over computers? Does computing need to be logical? Minsky, in a quote reproduced in the paper, thought that, “There’s no reason to assume ... that either...

Jun 2 2017
  Readings in formal epistemology: sourcebook
Boensvang H., Rendsvig R., Arl√≥-Costa H., Hendricks V., van Benthem J.,  Springer International Publishing, New York, NY, 2016. 937 pp. Type: Book (978-3-319204-50-5)

When I was an undergraduate student decades ago, one of the courses I took to meet the required number of upper division credit hours in philosophy was on epistemology, the study of knowledge: How is it acquired? What is the structure of knowledge...

Oct 28 2016
  Cybernetics: from past to future
Novikov D.,  Springer International Publishing, New York, NY, 2015. 107 pp. Type: Book (978-3-319273-96-9)

Cybernetics is a word that immediately recalls those glorious years--about the middle of the last century--when the foundations of modern computer science (CS) were first laid. But more than 50 years later, is cybernetics still topical? ...

Aug 4 2016
  Superforecasting: the art and science of prediction
Tetlock P., Gardner D.,  Crown Publishing Group, New York, NY, 2015. 352 pp. Type: Book (978-0-804136-69-3)

The market for predictive analytics, software to forecast the future, is projected to grow on the order of 25 to 30 percent per year over the next five years. That market is dominated by packages advertising one variety or another of “artifi...

May 23 2016
   Anigrafs: experiments in cooperative cognitive architecture
Richards W.,  MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 2015.Type: Book (9780262527781)

A perennial challenge in cognitive science is framing an architecture powerful enough to be a credible support for human reasoning, yet simple enough to map to the known machinery of the human brain. Work done in the 1970s on systems such as Soar ...

Jan 25 2016
  Empirical philosophy of science: introducing qualitative methods into philosophy of science
Wagenknecht S., Nersessian N., Andersen H.,  Springer Publishing Company, Incorporated, New York, NY, 2015. 171 pp. Type: Book (978-3-319185-99-6)

Although the title sounds like an oxymoron, this short book is entirely in earnest and full of insight into how science is carried out and how scientists think and do their work. If anyone has taken one or more courses in philosophy as a student, ...

Dec 28 2015
  What makes you clever: the puzzle of intelligence
Partridge D.,  World Scientific Publishing Co, Inc., Hackensack, NJ, 2014. 450 pp. Type: Book

This is more of a computing text than the title suggests. The book explores the progress of artificial intelligence (AI) at modeling human intelligence. The author has a long history working within AI....

Jan 15 2015
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