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Computational texture and patterns: from textons to deep learning
Dana K.,  Morgan&Claypool Publishers, San Rafael, CA, 2018. 113 pp. Type: Book (978-1-681730-11-0)

This slim volume considers the question of representing and matching textures and similar patterns. This question is closely related to recognition--for example, recognizing that something is a picture of a leafless tree--and segmentatio...

Aug 19 2019
A survey on deep neural network-based image captioning
Liu X., Xu Q., Wang N.  The Visual Computer 35(3): 445-470, 2019. Type: Article

Automated image captioning is the task of generating a useful and accurate description of an image without manual input. An ideal system, when shown an image, generates a summary such as “the mailman is running from a large, scary dog.”...

Aug 12 2019
Knowledge driven development: bridging waterfall and agile methodologies
Lal M.,  Cambridge University Press, New York, NY, 2018. 322 pp. Type: Book (978-1-108475-21-1)

Software development projects are often labor-intensive and expensive. Although many software projects fail, even nominally successful projects may come in late and over budget. A software project delivery methodology can improve the chances of su...

Aug 5 2019
Software-defined networking-based DDoS defense mechanisms
Swami R., Dave M., Ranga V.  ACM Computing Surveys 52(2): 1-36, 2019. Type: Article

This article surveys distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks on software-defined networks (SDNs). SDNs separate the control plane from the data plane in computer networks, thus allowing more flexible management of traffic and topology. SDNs a...

Jul 29 2019
Computational artifacts: towards a philosophy of computer science
Turner R.,  Springer International Publishing, New York, NY, 2018. 255 pp. Type: Book (978-3-662555-64-4)

The philosophy of any discipline must account for the goals, methodology, and subject matter of the discipline [1]. There is a well-developed body of scholarship on the philosophy of mathematics and of science, especially physics and biology, and ...

Jul 22 2019
Guidelines for human-AI interaction
Amershi S., Weld D., Vorvoreanu M., Fourney A., Nushi B., Collisson P., Suh J., Iqbal S., Bennett P., Inkpen K., Teevan J., Kikin-Gil R., Horvitz E.  CHI 2019 (Proceedings of the 2019 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Glasgow, UK,  May 4-9, 2019) 1-13, 2019. Type: Proceedings

From a human-computer interaction (HCI) perspective, the arrival of virtual assistants (for example, Alexa, Siri, Google Assistant, and Bixby) has led to a shift in interaction mode from visual to speech-based: instead of manipulating objects disp...

Jul 15 2019
The seven tools of causal inference, with reflections on machine learning
Pearl J.  Communications of the ACM 62(3): 54-60, 2019. Type: Article, Reviews: (2 of 2)

This is one of the most influential and eye-opening articles I’ve read in the last two or three years. The author, an ACM Turing Award recipient, makes clear distinctions between machine learning (ML), artificial intelligence (AI), and data ...

Jul 8 2019
New light through old windows: exploring contemporary science through 12 classic science fiction tales
Webb S.,  Springer International Publishing, New York, NY, 2019. 320 pp. Type: Book (978-3-030031-94-7)

Science fiction has often been prophetic--sometimes wrongly so, sometimes very much on point....

Jul 1 2019
Understanding image representations by measuring their equivariance and equivalence
Lenc K., Vedaldi A.  International Journal of Computer Vision 127(5): 456-476, 2019. Type: Article

As the number of artificial intelligence (AI)-based systems that support key aspects of our life, including health and security, increases exponentially, the demand for explainable AI has reached a peak in recent years. In the field of computer vi...

Jun 24 2019
Millions, billions, zillions: defending yourself in a world of too many numbers
Kernighan B.,  PRINCETON UNIVERSITY PRESS, Princeton, NJ, 2018. 176 pp. Type: Book (978-0-691182-77-3)

This book is simultaneously entertaining, instructive (one might say educational), and worrying. After an (important) opening chapter, the author analyzes a statement from Newsweek that the US should tap into the Strategic Petroleum Reserve...

Jun 17 2019
 
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