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Botting, Richard
California State University
San Bernardino, California
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Richard Botting’s research focuses on the theory and practice of software development. He wrote his first program (solving a quadratic equation) while still a schoolboy in the 1950s. His search for better methods started when he worked as a scientific programmer at Imperial Chemical Industries in the 1960s. In turn, he has been agile, formal, modular, structured, data driven, dynamic, functional, incremental, and object oriented.

Richard earned a PhD in Computer Science (1971) and a B. Tech. in Applied Mathematics (1968) at Brunel University (UK). His PhD thesis explored the fundamental algorithms of computer graphics. Richard joined the faculty of the Computer Science Department at Brunel University in 1970. He researched structured methods and tools. In 1978, he moved to the British Civil Service College to learn Michael Jackson’s methods. He taught about the systems development method (SDM), and helped develop the structured systems analysis and design methodology (SSADM).

In 1981, Richard moved to California State University, San Bernardino. He founded its computer science department in 1982, and was its first chair. He pioneered using computers in teaching in the 1980s, and using the Web in teaching in the 1990s. He started by experimenting with rapid prototyping and evolutionary delivery to make tools for his students. He is in the fifth and eighth editions of Who’s who among America’s teachers, after being nominated for the campus’ outstanding teacher reward. Richard serves on many committees.

From 1996 to 2001, he was the network administrator for the computer science department. Currently, he gives seminars introducing new technologies. In the 2005 series, he initiated the move from UML1 to UML2. He also presents papers at national and international conferences. Recent topics have been the evolution of software, and ethical ways to teach professional ethics. He is a reviewer for many conferences, journals, and publishers.

He developed a documentation language that included discrete mathematics, logic, and proofs, and created a translator into Hypertext Markup Language (HTML). He now uses this in teaching and to maintain a searchable Web site on software development ( This covers people, notations, tools, methods, processes, languages, logics, and mathematics. The site has notes and links on every topic from "agility" to "Z," and a growing bibliography of at least 3,000 publications. It has specifications and tutorials for many languages, including ML, Java, unified modeling language (UML), and PHP: hypertext preprocessor (PHP). He records his current interests and activities in a blog on his site.

Richard lives in San Bernardino, California, and acts as system administrator for his wife’s Macintosh. His interests include music, books, birds, and classic movies.

Date Reviewed  
- 5 of 5 reviews

   On the pitfalls of UML 2 activity modeling
Schattkowsky T., Forster A.  Modeling in software engineering (Proceedings of the International Workshop on Modeling in Software Engineering, May 20-26, 2007) 82007. Type: Proceedings

The Object Management Group made the unified modeling language (UML) more complex when they moved from UML1; we should have expected snags with UML2. This paper describes at least half-a-dozen traps with UML2 activity diagrams. Most stem from...

Mar 6 2008  
   The elements of UML 2.0 style
Ambler S.,  Cambridge University Press, New York, NY, 2005. 200 pp. Type: Book (9780521616782)

A style manual for the unified modeling language (UML) could not be published at a better time, but this edition of Ambler’s book will not satisfy purists. UML has become a ubiquitous modeling language. Developers now use UML diagrams...

Oct 13 2005  
   Comprehension of diagram syntax: an empirical study of entity relationship notations
Purchase H., Welland R., McGill M., Colpoys L.  International Journal of Human-Computer Studies 61(2): 187-203, 2004. Type: Article

This paper compares the Chen Entity-Relationship diagram with the Structured Analysis and Design Methodology (SSADM) “Logical Data Structure.” The authors took 36 students with no knowledge of either notation and taught them the...

Oct 8 2004  
   Mutilated chessboard problem is exponentially hard for resolution
Alekhnovich M.  Theoretical Computer Science 310(1-3): 513-525, 2004. Type: Article

Simple problems that resist routine logic tempt one to waste time. Often, a clever idea makes a result obvious, but a formal proof takes time and space....

Apr 1 2004  
   Program logic and equivalence in the presence of garbage collection: a case study
Calcagno C., O’Hearn P., Bornat R.  Theoretical Computer Science 298(3): 557-581, 2003. Type: Article

Hoare axioms have survived many challenges in the three decades since they were first published. This paper tackles another challenge: garbage collection. Collecting garbage invalidates some Hoare triples that involve the existence of objects....

Jul 7 2003  
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